Notice above that the ball is in the same starting position in each picture.
The picture is a page form my ‘Passport to great golf’ on course guide to take with you on course to remember all the things you tend to forget, like ‘how to punch from the trees, ball above or below feet, mental tips and loads more.
So you have the same distance to cover but choosing the correct club is all about how far you need to carry the ball in relation to how much the ball willl roll.
The 1st situation is a chip and run that you would use your 7 iron or 8 iron for and it is a great shot for when you are close to the edge but the flag is back.
Allow about one third of the way to land the ball and two thirds to run.
The second situation is the same length shot but the pin is in the middle so you need to choose a club that will not roll as far. This is ideal for your pitching wedge which will generally carry about halfway to the hole and roll the other half.
The third situation is a shot where the pin is close to the front and you have to stop the ball fairly quickly in relation to how far you have to carry it. The perfect club here is your sand wedge.
The above ratios are generalisations and will change depending on the speed of the greens, up hill or down hill etc but they are a good rule of thumb
Always choose a club you can land ON the green for the first bounce that will run about the